Supporting Transgender, Gender Diverse, and Intersex (TGI) Communities

Locally, statewide, and nationally – Transgender, Gender Diverse, and Intersex (TGI) people experience severe disparities in life outcomes related to health, housing, wealth and employment, safety, and other areas. The TGI community plays a critical role in the County’s rich and diverse cultural fabric. Approximately 218,400 Californian adults identify as Transgender, many of which reside in the County.

TGI communities frequently experience stigma and discrimination, leading to disproportionate and adverse health and socioeconomic outcomes when compared to their counterparts, including high rates of unemployment, poverty, homelessness, physical and behavioral health issues, and violence.1 According to the national Kaiser Family Foundation/The Washington Post Trans Survey report released in March 2023, “one in five trans adults reported having been fired, denied a job or promotion (21%) or been refused health care from a health care provider (17%) due to their gender identity. One in eight trans adults (13%) say they have been evicted or denied housing because of their gender identity or expression, increasing to one in five (21%) among trans people of color.”2  Three in ten transgender people reported experiencing homelessness or were kicked out of their home when they were young, including nearly four in ten (38%) transgender people of color.3 In Los Angeles County, our Human Relations Commission reported that 44 anti-transgender crimes occurred in in 2022, the largest number ever documented. Ninety-one percent (91%) of these crimes were violent.4 A recent analysis of data from the U.S. Transgender Population Health Survey also found that transgender adults were “seven times more likely to contemplate suicide, four times more likely to attempt it, and eight times more likely to engage in non-suicidal self-injury” when compared to their cisgender counterparts.5 A cisgender person refers to someone whose gender identity corresponds with the sex they were assigned at birth.6

Historically, TGI-specific County programs have predominately focused on healthcare delivery and services. However, based on the data trends and feedback from TGI communities, interventions designed to increase employment opportunities, housing, and community and personal safety for TGI communities are also critical to addressing the inequities they face and their overall wellbeing.

Footnotes

1 Fuentes, M., Salcedo, B., Oretga, V., and Conron, K. (2023). From Surviving to Thriving: A Quality-of-Life Study with Transgender, Gender Nonconforming, and Intersex (TGI) Adults in the City of Los Angeles. The TransLatin@ Coalition and the Williams Institute, UCLA. Online at: https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/TGI-QOL-LA-Nov-2023.pdf
2 Kirzinger, A., Kearney, A., Montero, A., Sparks, G., Dawson, L. and Brodie, M. (2023). KFF/The Washington Post Trans Survey. Online at: https://www.kff.org/report-section/kff-the-washington-post-trans-survey-trans-in-america
3 Ibid.
4 The County of Los Angeles Human Relations Commission. (2023). 2022 Hate Crime Report. Online at: https://assets-us-01.kc-usercontent.com/0234f496-d2b7-00b6-17a4-b43e949b70a2/aefb9bbb-8328-449d-82b0-6ad2f330169b/LA%20County%202022%20Report%20of%20Hate%20Crime.pdf
5 Williams Institute, UCLA. (2023). Press Release: More than 40% of transgender adults in the US have attempted suicide. Online at: https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/press/transpop-suicide-press-release
6 Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Cisgender. Online at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cisgender

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